AFC Clayton Juniors

AFC Clayton Juniors
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FA MINI-SOCCER
Updated May 2008

The Best Introduction to the World’s Greatest Game
September 1999 saw the implementation of Mini-Soccer for all children under 10 years of age.
As a result of nearly three years’ consultation and co-operation between all bodies involved with
children’s football, boys and girls are now introduced to the game on smaller pitches with scaled
down goalposts and fewer players.
The Football Association deems Mini-Soccer the most appropriate and fun introduction to football
by providing quality experiences for all young players.
It allows greater involvement in the game, with more touches, dribbles and passes.
Mini-Soccer: Meeting the needs of children
“The children are more important than the activities in which they are engaged. The game is not the
thing, the child is.” (Physical Education for ages 5-16 - Department of Education and Science,
August 1991).
The main theme throughout Mini-Soccer is to meet the needs of children. 11-a-side association
football does not meet these needs. Children need a modified game that fits their needs; too often
children are modified to meet the requirements of a game. Mini-Soccer modifies association
football without losing the essence of the game.
Mini-Soccer is the appropriate introduction to football. All available research and observation
shows that children will have more fun and learn more playing a game with smaller teams and
modified rules. Mini-Soccer is, therefore, a game children can actually play rather than struggling
to understand a game created for adults.
If children are to enjoy and take part in soccer they need to:
• Feel success
• Take an active part in the game
• Learn to play as a team
• Understand the Laws
• Develop soccer skills
• Be able to take part whatever their ability
• Develop their fitness
Mini-Soccer sets out to meet those needs. It allows children to succeed and take part in something
that is still recognisably football.
Mini-Soccer recognises the fact that younger children perform better in smaller teams with simple
Laws.
Mini-Soccer, however, is more than another version of five-or six-a-side football for the following
reasons:
1. It recognises that children do not perform as adults and therefore its Laws, researched and
piloted by The Football Association, meet the needs of children.
2. It has all the features of ‘real’ football to children.
3. It doesn’t set unrealistic expectations. Many adults do not know what can be expected of
children and so emphasise the result at the expense of performance. Mini-Soccer helps by
defining the targets for children at different ages.
FA MINI-SOCCER
4. It sets a standard for behaviour on and off the pitch.
5. Mini-Soccer is for all children regardless of their ability. It is intended for girls and boys, and
young footballers with disabilities and learning difficulties.
In an age when so much of children’s leisure time is as organised as their study, Mini-Soccer offers
something special: a game that children can organise themselves! With relatively little instruction,
children can play and enjoy a game which is suitable for a wide ability range and gives everyone a
chance to take part.
If you find this hard to believe, just set up a game with some children and WATCH!
Guidance for the Laws of Mini-Soccer
The Laws have been piloted and aim to be simple and as near to ‘real’ football as possible. The
games require only a ‘game-leader’ who is urged to be as flexible as possible with the youngest
children.
The children will need the Laws explained to them as the game proceeds (e.g. handball, in/out of
play).
It will also be necessary to demonstrate in certain instances how to re-start the game (e.g. throwins).
What can children expect from adults?
Remember that children are often easily led, anxious to please and prone to over-enthusiasm, and
so plenty of praise and positive reinforcement is needed, especially with beginners.
Children find it hard to understand negative instructions and easier to understand positive
reinforcement and this can frequently mean playing down the result and playing up the
performance. This reduces the child’s anxiety and decreases their worry about failing. Remember
that children do not mean to make mistakes; we should accept mistakes as a necessary part of
learning.
Make sure the players play by the Laws. The majority of children at these ages will not knowingly
infringe the Laws of the game. Finally, work with other adults, not against them, and by so doing
reinforce positive attitudes among the children.
Interference from the touch line
Whilst the fun and friendly atmosphere created by Mini-Soccer should keep such instances to a
minimum, there may be situations where comments and abuse from adults, parents and managers
is made from the touch line.
This could be directed at the referee, but also at the players.
What can be done?
Stay calm; do not get into disagreement; report the matter to relevant club or league officials; set a
positive responsible example.
Remember The FA’s RESPECT campaign.
Referees – Mini-Soccer game leaders
The referee has an important role to play in Mini-Soccer. Carrying out their duties without favour,
they should create a playing environment which is fun for all those taking part. The referee should
encourage fair play, fun, respect for others, development of skills and team work, and
understanding of the Laws of the game.
The Laws of the game should be a guide for the referee in Mini-Soccer with the spirit of the Laws
being more important than the letters of the law. Appreciation of the needs of the child is essential.
FA MINI-SOCCER
9v9
During the 2002/03 season a number of leagues approached The FA regarding the possibility of
moving to 9v9 at under 11.
The FA organised a number of Regional Mini-Soccer Consultation Meetings to review Mini-Soccer
and to discuss ideas for the future development of the game.
The consultation also lead to the introduction, within FA rules, for the 9v9 game for children who
have reached the age of 10 on 31st August.
The 9v9 option is available from U11-U14.
When 9v9 is played The FA recommends the following:
Follow 11v11 laws of the game, except:
• Size of pitch: use junior size pitch 80m x 50m and junior goals 16’ x 7’. It has been agreed
by The FA that for season 2008/09, the use of any sized goals will be permissible for the
9v9 game, whilst a transitional period continues to exist in this format of the game.
However, there is recognition that the 16’ x 7’ goals are most suitable during matches and
as such clubs should be encouraged to make the most of the Football Foundation’s funding
to gain this size of goal. From season 2009/10, only goals sized 16’ x 7’ will be permissible.
• Substitutes: Maximum squad of 18 with repeat substitutions allowed
• Playing Time: Maximum 35mins each way
• Anything not covered above, FA standard code of rules for youth leagues
apply
The FA hopes that, where facilities allow leagues will make use of the 9v9 option to assist the
players’ development.
FA MINI-SOCCER
THE FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION LAWS FOR MINI-SOCCER
FOR PLAYERS (BOTH BOYS AND GIRLS OVER THE AGE OF 6 AND UNDER 10)
[Updated by The FA Council on 15th May 2008]
Please note: Where Leagues operate Under 11 Mini-Soccer events, they must follow these Laws.
Please remember:
Under-7s or Under-8s are not permitted to play in leagues where results are collected or published
or winner trophies are presented, this is deemed to be detrimental to the development of the player
and the game and will not be sanctioned. To play in a KO Cup game or a game where points are
awarded, or results collected, a player must have achieved the age of 8 on or before 31st August.
Except where other provision, is made, the Laws of Association Football apply. Each Law is
numbered to correspond with the appropriate Law of the Game. These Laws are mandatory unless
special permission is granted by The Football Association.
LAW 1 - Playing Area
FA MINI-SOCCER

WARNING
Please ensure that The FA Goalpost safety guidelines are observed.
Size of Pitch
Under-l0s/9s Under-8s/7s
Width Metres Yards Metres Yards
Min. 27.45 Min. 30 Min. 18.30 Min. 20
Max. 36.60 Max. 40 Max. 27.45 Max. 30
Length Min. 45.75 Min. 50 Min. 27.45 Min. 30
Max. 54.90 Max. 60 Max. 45.75 Max. 50
Penalty Area
Length 9.15m – 10 yards; Width 16.47m – 18 yards
Penalty Mark
The penalty mark is 7.32m (8 yards) from the goal line opposite the centre of the goal.
Halfway Line
The field of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line. The centre mark is indicated at the midpoint
of the halfway line.
Goal Size
The distance between the posts is 3.6m (12ft) and the distance between the lower edge of the cross
bar and the ground is 1.88m (6ft).
LAW 2 - The Ball
The ball should be size 4 for U9/U10.
Size 3 for Under-8s.
It should be safe and made of leather or another suitable material.
LAW 3 - Number of Players
Number Per Team (including goalkeeper)
Under-10s/9s 6v6 or 7v7
Under-8s/7s 4v4, 5v5, 6v6 or 7v7
Where the appropriate facilities are available, The FA would encourage leagues and competitions
to use the smaller number of players at the youngest age group.
Players must play with and against players only from their own age range, as per Football Association
and Competition rules.
Players should not be allowed to begin to play until the season of their 7th birthday.
Each team must not have a squad greater than double the size of the team per age.
Any number of substitutes, without being named, may be used at any time with the permission of
the referee or game leader. Entry into the field of play will only be allowed during a stoppage in
play. A player who has been replaced may return to the playing area as a substitute for another
player.
LAW 4 - Playing Equipment
Players must wear shin guards and goalkeepers must wear a distinguishing playing strip.
Shin guards must be covered entirely by stockings.
FA MINI-SOCCER
LAW 5 - Referees
The Authority of the Referee
Each match is controlled by a referee who has full authority to enforce the Laws of the game in
connection with the match to which they have been appointed.
Powers and Duties
The Referee:
• Enforces the Laws of the game
• Controls the match in co-operation with the assistant referees/time keeper
• Ensures that the ball meets the requirements of Law 2
• Ensures that the players’ equipment meets the requirements of Law 4
• Stops, suspends or terminates the match at their discretion for any infringements of the
Laws
• Stops, suspends or terminates the match because of outside interference of any kind
• Stops the match if, in their opinion, a player is seriously injured and ensures that they are
removed from the field of play
• Ensures that any player bleeding from a wound leaves the field of play
• Allows play to continue when the team against which an offence has been committed will
benefit from such an advantage
• Penalises the original offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time
Referees
• Take disciplinary action against players guilty of cautionable and/or sending-off offences
• Take action against team officials who fail to conduct themselves in a responsible manner
and may, at their discretion, expel them from the field of play and its immediate surrounds
• Ensure that no unauthorised persons enter the field of play
• Restart matches if they have been stopped
Decisions of the Referee
The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play are final.
The referee may only change a decision on realising that it is incorrect or, at his/her discretion
provided that play has not restarted.
LAW 6 - Timekeeper/Scorer/Assistant Referee
Duties
A person may be nominated to assist the referee to:
• Record goals scored
• Act as timekeeper and signify to the referee by an agreed signal when the time of each half
has expired
• Suspend time on an instruction from the referee for all stoppages and add that time to the
end of each half
• Supervise the use of rolling substitutes
• Carry out any other duties as prescribed by the referee
If an independent timekeeper/scorer is not nominated, these duties are the responsibility of the
referee.
FA MINI-SOCCER
LAW 7 - Duration of the Game
In any one day, no player shall play more than the stipulated period given below:
• Under-7 & Under-8s-40Minutes
• Under-9 & Under-10s- 60 Minutes
Each league/competition will determine its own playing time within the maximum time permitted.
The half time interval must not exceed 5 minutes.
LAW 8 - Start and Restart of Play
Procedure
A kick-off is taken at the centre of the playing area to start the game and after a goal has been
scored. Opponents must be 4.5m (5 yards) away from the ball, and in their own half of the field.
The ball must be played forward.
In Mini-Soccer a goal cannot be scored directly from a start or restart of play.
Special Circumstances
A drop ball to restart the match, after play has been temporarily stopped inside the penalty area,
takes place on the penalty area line parallel to the goal line at the point nearest to where the ball was
located when the play stopped.
LAW 9 - Ball In and Out of Play
Ball Out of Play
The ball is out of play when:
• It has wholly crossed the goal line or touch line whether on the ground or in the air
• Play has been stopped by the referee
Ball In Play
The ball is in play at all other times, including when:
• It rebounds from a goal or post, crossbar or corner flag post and remains in the field of play
• It rebounds from either the referee or an assistant referee when they are on the field of play
LAW 10 - Method of Scoring
Goal Scored
A goal is scored when the whole of the ball passes over the goal line, between the goalposts and
under the crossbar, provided that no infringement of the Laws of the game has been committed
previously by the team scoring the goal.
Winning Team
The team scoring the greater number of goals during a match is the winner. If both teams score an
equal number of goals, or if no goals are scored, the match is drawn.
Competition Rules
For matches ending in a draw, competition rules may state provisions involving extra time, or other
procedures approved by the International FA Board to determine the winner of a match.
Please note this must be included within the maximum participation time.
LAW 11 - Offside
There is no offside.
FA MINI-SOCCER
LAW 12 - Fouls and Misconduct
In Mini-Soccer all free kicks are direct.
A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following offences in a
manner considered to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:
• Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
• Trips or attempts to trip an opponent
• Jumps at an opponent
• Charges an opponent
• Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
• Pushes an opponent
A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following offences:
• Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent
before touching the ball
• Holds an opponent
• Spits at an opponent
• Handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area)
• Plays in a dangerous manner
• Impedes the progress of an opponent
• Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his/her hands
• Commits any other offence, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped
to caution or dismiss a player
Penalty Kick
A penalty kick is awarded if any of the above offences is committed by a player inside his/her own
penalty area, irrespective of the position of the ball, provided it is in play.
A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the goalkeeper:
• Takes more than 6 seconds to release the ball from his/her hands
• Touches the ball again with his/her hands after it has been released from his/her
possession and has not touched any other player
• Touches the ball with his/her hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a
team-mate
• Touches the ball with his/her hands after he/she has received it directly from a throw in
taken by a team-mate
For all these offences, the free kick should be taken from the penalty area line, parallel with the goal
line, at the nearest point to the offence.
Cautionable Offences
A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he/she commits any of the following seven
offences:
• Is guilty of unsporting behaviour
• Shows dissent by word or action
• Persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
• Delays the restart of play
• Fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick or free kick
• Enters or re-enters the field of play without the referee’s permission
• Deliberately leaves the field of play without the referee’s permission
FA MINI-SOCCER
Sending Off Offences
A player is sent off and shown the red card if he/she commits any of the following seven offences:
• Is guilty of serious foul play
• Is guilty of violent conduct
• Spits at an opponent or any other person
• Denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal scoring opportunity, by deliberately
handling the ball (this does not apply to a goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area)
• Denies an obvious goal scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player’s
goal by an offence punishable by a free kick or penalty kick
• Uses offensive or insulting or abusive language and/or gestures
• Receives a second caution in the same match
LAW 13 - Free Kicks
For all free kicks opponents must be 4.5m (5 yards) from the ball.
LAW 14 - Penalty Kicks
A penalty kick is awarded for offences, as described in Law 12.
Position of the Ball and the Players
All players except the defending goalkeeper and kicker must be outside the penalty area and at least
4.5m (5 yards) from the penalty mark.
The ball must be kicked forward.
Infringement/Sanctions
If a player or players commit an offence at the taking of a penalty kick his/her team shall not be
allowed to gain an advantage (i.e. the kick is retaken or the goal is disallowed depending on which
team offended).
If a player of both the defending and the attacking teams offend, the kick shall be retaken.
LAW 15 - Throw-in
A goal cannot be scored directly from a throw-in.
A throw-in is awarded:
• When the whole of the ball passes over the touch line, either on the ground or in the air
• From the point where it crossed the touch line
• To the opponents of the player who last touched the ball
Procedure
At the moment of delivering the ball, the thrower:
• Faces the field of play
• Has part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch line
A thrower:
• Uses both hands
• Delivers the ball from behind and over the player’s head
• The throw-in is awarded to the opposing team if any of these requirements are not carried
out
The thrower may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player. If he/she does, a free
kick will be awarded against them. The ball is in play immediately when it enters the field of play.
FA MINI-SOCCER
FA MINI-SOCCER
LAW 16 - Goal Kick
Procedure
A player of the defending team kicks the ball from any point within the penalty area.
Opponents must remain outside the penalty area and at least 4.5m (5 yards) from where the kick is
taken until the ball is in play.
LAW 17 - Corner Kicks
The opposing players must remain at least 4.5m (5yards) from the ball until it is in play.
The kicker may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player. If he/she does, a free
kick is awarded against them.
The ball is in play immediately when it enters the field of play.
The Responsible Football Coach/Manager Code of Conduct for Football
1. Coaches/Managers must respect the rights, dignity and worth of each and every person
and treat each equally within the context of the sport.
2. Coaches/Managers must place the wellbeing and safety of each player above all other
considerations, including the development of performance.
3. Coaches/Managers must adhere to all guidelines laid down within the Constitution and the
Rules of The Football Association.
4. Coaches/Managers must develop an appropriate working relationship with each player
based on mutual trust and respect.
5. Coaches/Managers must not exert undue influence to obtain personal benefit or reward.
6. Coaches/Managers must encourage and guide players to accept responsibility for their
own behaviour and performance.
7. Coaches/Managers must ensure that the activities they direct or advocate is appropriate for
the age, maturity, experience and ability of players.
8. Coaches/Managers should, at the outset, clarify with the player (and where appropriate,
their parents) exactly what is expected of them and also what they are entitled to expect
from their coach.
9. Coaches/Managers must co-operate fully with other specialists (e.g. other coaches,
officials, sports scientists, doctors, physiotherapists) in the best interests of the player.
10. Coaches/Managers must always promote the appropriate Code of Conduct and positive
aspects of the sport (e.g. fair play) to players, parents and spectators alike. Never condone
violations of the Laws of the game, behaviour contrary to the spirit of the Laws of the game
or relevant rule and regulations or the use of the prohibited substances or techniques.
11. Coaches/Managers must consistently display high standards of behaviour and experience
and be a role model for players, parents and spectators.
Goalpost Safety
Remember to use all equipment, not just goalposts, safely at all times
It has been agreed by The FA that for season 2008/09, the use of any sized goals will be permissible
for the 9v9 game, whilst a transitional period continues to exist in this format of the game. However,
there is recognition that the 16’ x 7’ goals are most suitable during matches and as such clubs should
be encouraged to make the most of the Football Foundation’s funding to gain this size of goal. From
season 2009/10, only goals sized 16’ x 7’ will be permissible.
The Football Association, along with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, the Health and
Safety Executive and the British Standards Institution, would like to draw your attention to the
following guidelines for the safe use of goalposts. Too many serious injuries and fatalities have
occurred in recent years as a result of unsafe or incorrect use of goalposts. Safety is always of
paramount importance and everyone in football must play their part to prevent similar incidents
occurring in the future.
1. For safety reasons, goalposts of any size (including those which are portable and not
installed permanently at a pitch or practice field) must always be anchored securely to the
ground.
2. Portable goalposts must be secured as per the manufacturers’ instructions.
3. Under no circumstances should children or adults be allowed to climb on, swing or play
with the structure of the goalposts.
4. Particular attention should be drawn to the fact that if not properly assembled and secured,
portable goalposts may overturn.
5. Regular inspections of goalposts must be carried out to check that they are properly
maintained.
For reference, you should note that The FA and BSI developed a standard for future purchases of
mini-soccer goalposts - PAS 36:2000. Most other size of goalposts are covered by BSEN 748
(1996). Copies of both of these standards are available from BSI.
The FA together with representatives from the industry, sports governing bodies and Government
have prepared guidelines for pitch users and pitch providers together with technical parameters for
goalpost manufacturers. It is anticipated that details of these will feature on The FA’s website -
www.TheFA.com.
432 FA MINI-SOCCER In the twelve years since its last major revision of the Laws of the Game,
the International Football Association Board has made a signifi cant
number of additions and amendments to the Laws themselves, and
various accompanying publications and teaching materials have been
produced and distributed by football‘s governing bodies in order to
assist match offi cials in their duties and to clarify concepts for the
football community as a whole.
While this year’s edition of the Laws of the Game features only
one amendment to the 2007/2008 edition in terms of substance,
the overall wording and structure has been reviewed and revised to
consolidate and reorganise the content for the sake of consistency,
simplifi cation and clarifi cation. Among the most notable changes
in this respect, some of the Decisions of the International Football
Association Board from last year’s edition of the Laws of the Game
are now either incorporated in the Law to which they were previously
appended or appear in the section now entitled “Interpretation of
the Laws of the Game and Guidelines for Referees”. With this new
title, the International Football Association Board wishes to underline
that, while the content of this section is intended to complement the
Laws of the Game themselves, its application is indeed a compulsory
requirement.
In addition, certain principles that were previously implicitly understood
throughout the game but did not explicitly feature in the Laws of the
Game have been included in this new edition for completeness.
Finally, the International Football Association Board reminds the
associations and confederations that it is their duty, under the FIFA
Statutes, to ensure the Laws of the Game are implemented strictly
and consistently at all levels of competition.
PREFACE
4
NOTES ON THE LAWS OF THE GAME
Modifi cations
Subject to the agreement of the member association concerned and
provided the principles of these Laws are maintained, the Laws may
be modifi ed in their application for matches for players of under 16
years of age, for women footballers, for veteran footballers (over 35
years of age) and for players with disabilities.
Any or all of the following modifi cations are permissible:
• size of the fi eld of play
• size, weight and material of the ball
• width between the goalposts and height of the crossbar from the
ground
• duration of the periods of play
• substitutions
Further modifi cations are only allowed with the consent of the
International Football Association Board.
Male and Female
References to the male gender in the Laws of the Game in respect of
referees, assistant referees, players and offi cials are for simplifi cation
and apply to both males and females.
Key
A single line in the left-hand margin indicates new Law changes.
5
CONTENTS
Law Page
1 THE FIELD OF PLAY 6
2 THE BALL 13
3 THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS 15
4 THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT 18
5 THE REFEREE 21
6 THE ASSISTANT REFEREES 24
7 THE DURATION OF THE MATCH 25
8 THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY 27
9 THE BALL IN AND OUT OF PLAY 30
10 THE METHOD OF SCORING 31
11 OFFSIDE 32
12 FOULS AND MISCONDUCT 33
13 FREE KICKS 37
14 THE PENALTY KICK 41
15 THE THROW-IN 44
16 THE GOAL KICK 46
17 THE CORNER KICK 48
PROCEDURES TO DETERMINE THE WINNER OF A MATCH
OR HOME-AND-AWAY 50
THE TECHNICAL AREA 52
THE FOURTH OFFICIAL AND THE RESERVE ASSISTANT REFEREE 53
INTERPRETATION OF THE LAWS
OF THE GAME AND GUIDELINES FOR REFEREES 55
RULES OF THE INTERNATIONAL FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION BOARD 129
6
LAW 1 – THE FIELD OF PLAY
Field Surface
Matches may be played on natural or artifi cial surfaces, according to
the rules of the competition.
The colour of artifi cial surfaces must be green.
Where artifi cial surfaces are used in either competition matches
between representative teams of member associations affi liated to
FIFA or international club competition matches, the surface must meet
the requirements of the FIFA Quality Concept for Artifi cial Turf or
the International Artifi cial Turf Standard, unless special dispensation
is given by FIFA.
Field Markings
The fi eld of play must be rectangular and marked with lines. These
lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries.
The two longer boundary lines are called touch lines. The two shorter
lines are called goal lines.
The fi eld of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line, which
joins the midpoints of the two touch lines.
The centre mark is indicated at the midpoint of the halfway line.
A circle with a radius of 9.15 m (10 yds) is marked around it.
Marks may be made off the fi eld of play, 9.15 m (10 yds) from the
corner arc and at right angles to the goal lines and the touch lines, to
ensure that defending players retreat this distance when a corner kick
is being taken.
7
Dimensions
The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the
goal line.
Length (touch line): minimum 90 m (100 yds)
maximum 120 m (130 yds)
Width (goal line): minimum 45 m (50 yds)
maximum 90 m (100 yds)
All lines must be of the same width, which must be not more than
12 cm (5 ins).
International Matches
Length: minimum 100 m (110 yds)
maximum 110 m (120 yds)
Width: minimum 64 m (70 yds)
maximum 75 m (80 yds)
The Goal Area
Two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 5.5 m (6 yds) from
the inside of each goalpost. These lines extend into the fi eld of play
for a distance of 5.5 m (6 yds) and are joined by a line drawn parallel
with the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line
is the goal area.
8
LAW 1 – THE FIELD OF PLAY
The Penalty Area
Two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 16.5 m (18 yds)
from the inside of each goalpost. These lines extend into the fi eld of
play for a distance of 16.5 m (18 yds) and are joined by a line drawn
parallel with the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the
goal line is the penalty area.
Within each penalty area, a penalty mark is made 11 m (12 yds) from
the midpoint between the goalposts and equidistant to them.
An arc of a circle with a radius of 9.15 m (10 yds) from the centre of
each penalty mark is drawn outside the penalty area.
Flagposts
A fl agpost, not less than 1.5 m (5 ft) high, with a non-pointed top and
a fl ag must be placed at each corner.
Flagposts may also be placed at each end of the halfway line, not less
than 1 m (1 yd) outside the touch line.
The Corner Arc
A quarter circle with a radius of 1 m (1 yd) from each corner fl agpost
is drawn inside the fi eld of play.
9
Goals
A goal must be placed on the centre of each goal line.
A goal consists of two upright posts equidistant from the corner
fl agposts and joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The goalposts
and crossbar must be made of wood, metal or other approved
material. They may be square, rectangular, round or elliptical in shape
and must not be dangerous to players.
The distance between the posts is 7.32 m (8 yds) and the distance
from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2.44 m (8 ft).
Both goalposts and the crossbar have the same width and depth,
which do not exceed 12 cm (5 ins). The goal lines must be of the same
width as the goalposts and the crossbar. Nets may be attached to the
goals and the ground behind the goal, provided that they are properly
supported and do not interfere with the goalkeeper.
The goalposts and crossbars must be white.
Safety
Goals must be anchored securely to the ground. Portable goals may
only be used if they satisfy this requirement.
7.32 m (8 yds)
2.44 m
(8 ft)
10
LAW 1 – THE FIELD OF PLAY
The Field of Play
Corner Flagpost
PENALTY AREA
GOAL LINE CORNER ARC
OPTIONAL
MARK
TOUCH LINE
CENTRE MARK
CENTRE CIRCLE
HALFWAY LINE
PENALTY ARC
FLAGPOST
(optional)
TOUCH LINE
GOAL LINE
GOAL AREA
PENALTY MARK
CORNER FLAGPOST
(compulsory)
OPTIONAL MARK
Flag to be not less than
1.5 m/5 ft high with a
non-pointed top
Lines to be not more
than 12 cm/5 ins
wide
Corner flagpost is compulsory
Corner arc
11
Metric Measurements
Imperial Measurements
16.5m
1m radius
Length: Maximum 120m Minimum 90m
Width:
Maximum 90m Minimum 45m
7.32m
9.15m
11m
5.5m
16.5m
Radius:
9.15m
5.5m
9.15m
9.15m
18 yds
1 yd radius
Length: Maximum 130 yds Minimum 100 yds
Width:
Maximum 100 yds Minimum 50 yds
8 yds
10 yds
12 yds
6 yds
18 yds
Radius:
10 yds
6 yds
10 yds
10 yds
12
LAW 1 – THE FIELD OF PLAY
Decisions of the International F.A. Board
Decision 1
Where a technical area exists, it must meet the requirements approved
by the International F.A. Board, which are contained in the section of
this publication entitled The Technical Area.
13
Qualities and Measurements
The ball is:
• spherical
• made of leather or other suitable material
• of a circumference of not more than 70 cm (28 ins) and not less
than 68 cm (27 ins)
• not more than 450 g (16 oz) and not less than 410 g
(14 oz) in weight at the start of the match
• of a pressure equal to 0.6 – 1.1 atmosphere (600 – 1,100 g/cm2)
at sea level (8.5 lbs/sq in – 15.6 lbs/sq in)
Replacement of a Defective Ball
If the ball bursts or becomes defective during the course of a match:
• the match is stopped
• the match is restarted by dropping the replacement ball at the
place where the original ball became defective, unless play was
stopped inside the goal area, in which case the referee drops the
replacement ball on the goal area line parallel to the goal line at
the point nearest to where the original ball was located when play
was stopped
If the ball bursts or becomes defective whilst not in play at a kick-off,
goal kick, corner kick, free kick, penalty kick or throw-in:
• the match is restarted accordingly
The ball may not be changed during the match without the authority
of the referee.
LAW 2 – THE BALL
14
LAW 2 – THE BALL
Decisions of the International F.A. Board
Decision 1
In addition to the requirements of Law 2, acceptance of a ball for
use in matches played in an offi cial competition organised under the
auspices of FIFA or the confederations is conditional upon the ball
bearing one of the following:
• the offi cial “FIFA APPROVED” logo
• the offi cial “FIFA INSPECTED” logo
• the “INTERNATIONAL MATCHBALL STANDARD” logo
Such a logo on a ball indicates that it has been tested offi cially and
found to be in compliance with specifi c technical requirements,
different for each logo and additional to the minimum specifi cations
stipulated in Law 2. The list of the additional requirements specifi c to
each of the respective logos must be approved by the International
F.A. Board. The institutes conducting the tests are subject to the
approval of FIFA.
Member association competitions may also require the use of balls
bearing any one of these three logos.
Decision 2
In matches played in an offi cial competition organised under the
auspices of FIFA, the confederations or the member associations,
no form of commercial advertising on the ball is permitted, except
for the emblem of the competition, the competition organiser and
the authorised trademark of the manufacturer. The competition
regulations may restrict the size and number of such markings.
15
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
Players
A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than
eleven players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A match may not start
if either team consists of fewer than seven players.
Offi cial Competitions
Up to a maximum of three substitutes may be used in any match
played in an offi cial competition organised under the auspices of FIFA,
the confederations or the member associations.
The rules of the competition must state how many substitutes may be
nominated, from three up to a maximum of seven.
Other Matches
In national A team matches, up to a maximum of six substitutes may
be used.
In all other matches, a greater number of substitutes may be used
provided that:
• the teams concerned reach agreement on a maximum number
• the referee is informed before the match
If the referee is not informed, or if no agreement is reached before the
match, no more than six substitutes are allowed.
All Matches
In all matches, the names of the substitutes must be given to the
referee prior to the start of the match. Any substitute whose name is
not given to the referee at this time may not take part in the match.
16
LAW 3 – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS
Substitution Procedure
To replace a player with a substitute, the following conditions must be
observed:
• the referee must be informed before any proposed substitution is
made
• the substitute only enters the fi eld of play after the player being
replaced has left and after receiving a signal from the referee
• the substitute only enters the fi eld of play at the halfway line and
during a stoppage in the match
• the substitution is completed when a substitute enters the fi eld of
play
• from that moment, the substitute becomes a player and the player
he has replaced becomes a substituted player
• the substituted player takes no further part in the match
• all substitutes are subject to the authority and jurisdiction of the
referee, whether called upon to play or not
17
Changing the Goalkeeper
Any of the other players may change places with the goalkeeper,
provided that:
• the referee is informed before the change is made
• the change is made during a stoppage in the match
Infringements and Sanctions
If a substitute or substitituted player enters the fi eld of play without
the referee’s permission:
• the referee stops play (although not immediately if the substitute
or substituted player does not interfere with play)
• the referee cautions him for unsporting behaviour and orders him
to leave the fi eld of play
• if the referee has stopped play, it is restarted with an indirect free
kick for the opposing team from the position of the ball at the time
of the stoppage (see Law 13 – Position of Free Kick)
If a player changes places with the goalkeeper without the referee’s
permission before the change is made:
• the referee allows play to continue
• the referee cautions the players concerned when the ball is next
out of play
In the event of any other infringements of this Law:
• the players concerned are cautioned
• the match is restarted with an indirect free kick, to be taken by a
player of the opposing team from the position of the ball at the
time of the stoppage (see Law 13 – Position of Free Kick)
Players and Substitutes Sent Off
A player who has been sent off before the kick-off may be replaced
only by one of the named substitutes.
A named substitute who has been sent off, either before the kick-off
or after play has started, may not be replaced.
18
LAW 4 – THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT
Safety
A player must not use equipment or wear anything that is dangerous
to himself or another player (including any kind of jewellery).
Basic Equipment
The basic compulsory equipment of a player comprises the following
separate items:
• a jersey or shirt with sleeves – if undergarments are worn, the
colour of the sleeve must be the same main colour as the sleeve
of the jersey or shirt.
• shorts – if undershorts are worn, they must be of the same main
colour as the shorts
• stockings
• shinguards
• footwear
Shinguards
• are covered entirely by the stockings
• are made of rubber, plastic or a similar suitable material
• provide a reasonable degree of protection
Colours
• The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each
other and also the referee and the assistant referees
• Each goalkeeper must wear colours that distinguish him from the
other players, the referee and the assistant referees
19
Infringements and Sanctions
In the event of any infringement of this Law:
• play need not be stopped
• the player at fault is instructed by the referee to leave the fi eld of
play to correct his equipment
• the player leaves the fi eld of play when the ball next ceases to be
in play, unless he has already corrected his equipment
• any player required to leave the fi eld of play to correct his equipment
must not re-enter without the referee’s permission
• the referee checks that the player’s equipment is correct before
allowing him to re-enter the fi eld of play
• the player is only allowed to re-enter the fi eld of play when the
ball is out of play
A player who has been required to leave the fi eld of play because of an
infringement of this Law and who re-enters the fi eld of play without
the referee’s permission must be cautioned.
Restart of Play
If play is stopped by the referee to administer a caution:
• the match is restarted by an indirect free kick taken by a player
of the opposing team, from the place where the ball was located
when the referee stopped the match (see Law 13 – Position of Free
Kick)
20
LAW 4 – THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT
Decisions of the International F.A. Board
Decision 1
Players must not reveal undergarments showing slogans or advertising.
The basic compulsory equipment must not have any political, religious
or personal statements.
A player removing his jersey or shirt to reveal slogans or advertising
will be sanctioned by the competition organiser. The team of a player
whose basic compulsory equipment has political, religious or personal
slogans or statements will be sanctioned by the competition organiser
or by FIFA.
21
The Authority of the Referee
Each match is controlled by a referee who has full authority to enforce
the Laws of the Game in connection with the match to which he has
been appointed.
Powers and Duties
The Referee:
• enforces the Laws of the Game
• controls the match in cooperation with the assistant referees and,
where applicable, with the fourth offi cial
• ensures that any ball used meets the requirements of Law 2
• ensures that the players’ equipment meets the requirements of
Law 4
• acts as timekeeper and keeps a record of the match
• stops, suspends or abandons the match, at his discretion, for any
infringements of the Laws
• stops, suspends or abandons the match because of outside
interference of any kind
• stops the match if, in his opinion, a player is seriously injured and
ensures that he is removed from the fi eld of play. An injured player
may only return to the fi eld of play after the match has restarted
• allows play to continue until the ball is out of play if a player is, in
his opinion, only slightly injured
• ensures that any player bleeding from a wound leaves the fi eld
of play. The player may only return on receiving a signal from the
referee, who must be satisfi ed that the bleeding has stopped
• allows play to continue when the team against which an offence
has been committed will benefi t from such an advantage and
penalises the original offence if the anticipated advantage does
not ensue at that time
• punishes the more serious offence when a player commits more
than one offence at the same time
• takes disciplinary action against players guilty of cautionable
and sending-off offences. He is not obliged to take this action
immediately but must do so when the ball next goes out of play
LAW 5 – THE REFEREE
22
LAW 5 – THE REFEREE
• takes action against team offi cials who fail to conduct themselves
in a responsible manner and may, at his discretion, expel them
from the fi eld of play and its immediate surrounds
• acts on the advice of the assistant referees regarding incidents that
he has not seen
• ensures that no unauthorised persons enter the fi eld of play
• indicates the restart of the match after it has been stopped
• provides the appropriate authorities with a match report, which
includes information on any disciplinary action taken against players
and/or team offi cials and any other incidents that occurred before,
during or after the match
Decisions of the Referee
The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play,
including whether or not a goal is scored and the result of the match,
are fi nal.
The referee may only change a decision on realising that it is incorrect
or, at his discretion, on the advice of an assistant referee or the fourth
offi cial, provided that he has not restarted play or terminated the
match.
23
Decisions of the International F.A. Board
Decision 1
A referee (or where applicable, an assistant referee or fourth offi cial)
is not held liable for:
any kind of injury suffered by a player, offi cial or spectator
any damage to property of any kind
any other loss suffered by any individual, club, company, association
or other body, which is due or which may be due to any decision that
he may take under the terms of the Laws of the Game or in respect of
the normal procedures required to hold, play and control a match.
Such decisions may include:
• a decision that the condition of the fi eld of play or its surrounds or
that the weather conditions are such as to allow or not to allow a
match to take place
• a decision to abandon a match for whatever reason
• a decision as to the suitability of the fi eld equipment and ball used
during a match
• a decision to stop or not to stop a match due to spectator interference
or any problem in spectator areas
• a decision to stop or not to stop play to allow an injured player to
be removed from the fi eld of play for treatment
• a decision to require an injured player to be removed from the fi eld
of play for treatment
• a decision to allow or not to allow a player to wear certain apparel
or equipment
• a decision (where he has the authority) to allow or not to allow
any persons (including team or stadium offi cials, security offi cers,
photographers or other media representatives) to be present in the
vicinity of the fi eld of play
• any other decision that he may take in accordance with the Laws
of the Game or in conformity with his duties under the terms
of FIFA, confederation, member association or league rules or
regulations under which the match is played
Decision 2
In tournaments or competitions where a fourth offi cial is appointed, his
role and duties must be in accordance with the guidelines approved by
the International F.A. Board, which are contained in this publication.
24
LAW 6 – THE ASSISTANT REFEREES
Duties
Two assistant referees may be appointed whose duties, subject to the
decision of the referee, are to indicate:
• when the whole of the ball leaves the fi eld of play
• which team is entitled to a corner kick, goal kick or throw-in
• when a player may be penalised for being in an offside position
• when a substitution is requested
• when misconduct or any other incident occurs out of the view of
the referee
• when offences have been committed whenever the assistant
referees have a better view than the referee (this includes, in
certain circumstances, offences committed in the penalty area)
• whether, at penalty kicks, the goalkeeper moves off the goal line
before the ball is kicked and if the ball crosses the line
Assistance
The assistant referees also assist the referee to control the match in
accordance with the Laws of the Game. In particular, they may enter
the fi eld of play to help control the 9.15 m (10 yds) distance.
In the event of undue interference or improper conduct, the referee
will relieve an assistant referee of his duties and make a report to the
appropriate authorities.
25
Periods of Play
The match lasts two equal periods of 45 minutes, unless otherwise
mutually agreed between the referee and the two teams. Any agreement
to alter the duration of the periods of play (for example, to reduce each
half to 40 minutes because of insuffi cient light) must be made before
the start of play and must comply with competition rules.
Half-time Interval
Players are entitled to an interval at half-time.
The half-time interval must not exceed 15 minutes.
Competition rules must state the duration of the half-time interval.
The duration of the half-time interval may be altered only with the
consent of the referee.
LAW 7 – THE DURATION OF THE MATCH
26
LAW 7 – THE DURATION OF THE MATCH
Allowance for Time Lost
Allowance is made in either period for all time lost through:
• substitutions
• assessment of injury to players
• removal of injured players from the fi eld of play for treatment
• wasting time
• any other cause
The allowance for time lost is at the discretion of the referee.
Penalty Kick
If a penalty kick has to be taken or retaken, the duration of either half
is extended until the penalty kick is completed.
Abandoned Match
An abandoned match is replayed unless the competition rules provide
otherwise.
27
Preliminaries
A coin is tossed and the team that wins the toss decides which goal
it will attack in the fi rst half of the match.
The other team takes the kick-off to start the match.
The team that wins the toss takes the kick-off to start the second half
of the match.
In the second half of the match, the teams change ends and attack
the opposite goals.
Kick-off
A kick-off is a way of starting or restarting play:
• at the start of the match
• after a goal has been scored
• at the start of the second half of the match
• at the start of each period of extra time, where applicable
A goal may be scored directly from the kick-off.
Procedure
• all players must be in their own half of the fi eld of play
• the opponents of the team taking the kick-off are at least 9.15 m
(10 yds) from the ball until it is in play
• the ball must be stationary on the centre mark
• the referee gives a signal
• the ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
• the kicker must not touch the ball again until it has touched another
player
After a team scores a goal, the kick-off is taken by the other team.
LAW 8 – THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
28
LAW 8 – THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
Infringements and Sanctions
If the player taking the kick-off touches the ball again before it has
touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team to be taken
from the position of the ball when the infringement occurred (see
Law 13 – Position of Free Kick)
In the event of any other infringement of the kick-off procedure:
• the kick-off is retaken
Dropped Ball
If, while the ball is still in play, the referee is required to stop play
temporarily for any reason not mentioned elsewhere in the Laws of
the Game, the match is restarted with a dropped ball.
29
Procedure
The referee drops the ball at the place where it was located when play
was stopped, unless play was stopped inside the goal area, in which
case the referee drops the ball on the goal area line parallel to the goal
line at the point nearest to where the ball was located when play was
stopped.
Play restarts when the ball touches the ground.
Infringements and Sanctions
The ball is dropped again:
• if it is touched by a player before it makes contact with the
ground
• if the ball leaves the fi eld of play after it makes contact with the
ground, without a player touching it
30
Ball Out of Play
The ball is out of play when:
• it has wholly crossed the goal line or touch line whether on the
ground or in the air
• play has been stopped by the referee
Ball In Play
The ball is in play at all other times, including when:
• it rebounds off a goalpost, crossbar or corner fl agpost and remains
in the fi eld of play
• it rebounds off either the referee or an assistant referee when they
are on the fi eld of play
LAW 9 – THE BALL IN AND OUT OF PLAY
Ball in play
Ball out of play
Ball in play
Ball rebounding from
corner fl agpost,
goalpost or crossbar into
fi eld of play is in play
Ball in play
Ball in play
31
Goal Scored
A goal is scored when the whole of the ball passes over the goal
line, between the goalposts and under the crossbar, provided that no
infringement of the Laws of the Game has been committed previously
by the team scoring the goal.
Winning Team
The team scoring the greater number of goals during a match is the
winner. If both teams score an equal number of goals, or if no goals
are scored, the match is drawn.
Competition Rules
When competition rules require there to be a winning team after
a match or home-and-away tie, the only permitted procedures for
determining the winning team are those approved by the International
F.A. Board, namely:
• away goals rule
• extra time
• kicks from the penalty mark
LAW 10 – THE METHOD OF SCORING
No goal
No goal
No goal
Goal
32
LAW 11 – OFFSIDE
Offside Position
It is not an offence in itself to be in an offside position.
A player is in an offside position if:
• he is nearer to his opponents’ goal line than both the ball and the
second last opponent
A player is not in an offside position if:
• he is in his own half of the fi eld of play or
• he is level with the second last opponent or
• he is level with the last two opponents
Offence
A player in an offside position is only penalised if, at the moment the
ball touches or is played by one of his team, he is, in the opinion of
the referee, involved in active play by:
• interfering with play or
• interfering with an opponent or
• gaining an advantage by being in that position
No Offence
There is no offside offence if a player receives the ball directly from:
• a goal kick
• a throw-in
• a corner kick
Infringements and Sanctions
In the event of an offside offence, the referee awards an indirect
free kick to the opposing team to be taken from the place where the
infringement occurred (see Law 13 – Position of Free Kick).
33
Fouls and misconduct are penalised as follows:
Direct Free Kick
A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits
any of the following seven offences in a manner considered by the
referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:
• kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
• trips or attempts to trip an opponent
• jumps at an opponent
• charges an opponent
• strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
• pushes an opponent
• tackles an opponent
A direct free kick is also awarded to the opposing team if a player
commits any of the following three offences:
• holds an opponent
• spits at an opponent
• handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his
own penalty area)
A direct free kick is taken from the place where the offence occurred
(see Law 13 – Position of Free Kick).
Penalty Kick
A penalty kick is awarded if any of the above ten offences is committed
by a player inside his own penalty area, irrespective of the position of
the ball, provided it is in play.
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
34
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Indirect Free Kick
An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper,
inside his own penalty area, commits any of the following four offences:
• controls the ball with his hands for more than six seconds before
releasing it from his possession
• touches the ball again with his hands after he has released it from
his possession and before it has touched another player
• touches the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked
to him by a team-mate
• touches the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from
a throw-in taken by a team-mate
An indirect free kick is also awarded to the opposing team if, in the
opinion of the referee, a player:
• plays in a dangerous manner
• impedes the progress of an opponent
• prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands
• commits any other offence, not previously mentioned in Law 12,
for which play is stopped to caution or send off a player
The indirect free kick is taken from the place where the offence
occurred (see Law 13 – Position of Free Kick).
35
Disciplinary Sanctions
The yellow card is used to communicate that a player, substitute or
substituted player has been cautioned.
The red card is used to communicate that a player, substitute or
substituted player has been sent off.
Only a player, substitute or substituted player may be shown the red
or yellow card.
The referee has the authority to take disciplinary sanctions from the
moment he enters the fi eld of play until he leaves the fi eld of play after
the fi nal whistle.
A player who commits a cautionable or sending-off offence, either
on or off the fi eld of play, whether directed towards an opponent, a
team-mate, the referee, an assistant referee or any other person, is
disciplined according to the nature of the offence committed.
Cautionable Offences
A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of
the following seven offences:
• unsporting behaviour
• dissent by word or action
• persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game
• delaying the restart of play
• failure to respect the required distance when play is restarted with
a corner kick, free kick or throw-in
• entering or re-entering the fi eld of play without the referee’s
permission
• deliberately leaving the field of play without the referee’s
permission
A substitute or substituted player is cautioned if he commits any of
the following three offences:
• unsporting behaviour
• dissent by word or action
• delaying the restart of play
36
LAW 12 – FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Sending-off Offences
A player, substitute or substituted player is sent off if he commits any
of the following seven offences:
• serious foul play
• violent conduct
• spitting at an opponent or any other person
• denying the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring
opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply
to a goalkeeper within his own penalty area)
• denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity to an opponent
moving towards the player’s goal by an offence punishable by a
free kick or a penalty kick
• using offensive, insulting or abusive language and/or gestures
• receiving a second caution in the same match
A player, substitute or substituted player who has been sent off must
leave the vicinity of the fi eld of play and the technical area.
37
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
Types of Free Kick
Free kicks are either direct or indirect.
The Direct Free Kick
Ball Enters the Goal
• if a direct free kick is kicked directly into the opponents’ goal, a
goal is awarded
• if a direct free kick is kicked directly into the team’s own goal, a
corner kick is awarded to the opposing team
The Indirect Free Kick
Signal
The referee indicates an indirect free kick by raising his arm above his
head. He maintains his arm in that position until the kick has been
taken and the ball has touched another player or goes out of play.
Ball Enters the Goal
A goal can be scored only if the ball subsequently touches another
player before it enters the goal:
• if an indirect free kick is kicked directly into the opponents’ goal,
a goal kick is awarded
• if an indirect free kick is kicked directly into the team’s own goal,
a corner kick is awarded to the opposing team
Procedure
For both direct and indirect free kicks, the ball must be stationary
when the kick is taken and the kicker must not touch the ball again
until it has touched another player.
38
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
Position of Free Kick
Free Kick Inside the Penalty Area
Direct or indirect free kick to the defending team:
• all opponents must be at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the ball
• all opponents must remain outside the penalty area until the ball
is in play
• the ball is in play when it is kicked directly out of the penalty
area
• a free kick awarded in the goal area may be taken from any point
inside that area
Indirect free kick to the attacking team:
• all opponents must be at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the ball until
it is in play, unless they are on their own goal line between the
goalposts
• the ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
• an indirect free kick awarded inside the goal area must be taken
on the goal area line parallel to the goal line at the point nearest
to where the infringement occurred
Free Kick Outside the Penalty Area
• all opponents must be at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the ball until
it is in play
• the ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
• the free kick is taken from the place where the infringement
occurred or from the position of the ball when the infringement
occurred (according to the infringement)
39
Infringements and Sanctions
If, when a free kick is taken, an opponent is closer to the ball than
the required distance:
• the kick is retaken
If, when a free kick is taken by the defending team from inside its own
penalty area, the ball is not kicked directly out of the penalty area:
• the kick is retaken
Free kick taken by a player other than the goalkeeper
If, after the ball is in play, the kicker touches the ball again (except
with his hands) before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, the kick
to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred (see
Law 13 – Position of Free Kick)
If, after the ball is in play, the kicker deliberately handles the ball
before it has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team, the kick to be
taken from the place where the infringement occurred (see Law
13 – Position of Free Kick)
• a penalty kick is awarded if the infringement occurred inside the
kicker’s penalty area
40
LAW 13 – FREE KICKS
Free kick taken by the goalkeeper
If, after the ball is in play, the goalkeeper touches the ball again
(except with his hands), before it has touched another player:
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, the kick
to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred (see
Law 13 – Position of Free Kick)
If, after the ball is in play, the goalkeeper deliberately handles the ball
before it has touched another player:
• a direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the infringement
occurred outside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, the kick to be taken
from the place where the infringement occurred (see Law 13 –
Position of Free Kick)
• an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the
infringement occurred inside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, the
kick to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred
(see Law 13 – Position of Free Kick)
41
A penalty kick is awarded against a team that commits one of the ten
offences for which a direct free kick is awarded, inside its own penalty
area and while the ball is in play.
A goal may be scored directly from a penalty kick.
Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of
each half or at the end of periods of extra time.
Position of the Ball and the Players
The ball:
• must be placed on the penalty mark
The player taking the penalty kick:
• must be properly identifi ed
The defending goalkeeper:
• must remain on his goal line, facing the kicker, between the
goalposts until the ball has been kicked
The players other than the kicker must be located:
• inside the fi eld of play
• outside the penalty area
• behind the penalty mark
• at least 9.15 m (10 yds) from the penalty mark
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
42
LAW 14 – THE PENALTY KICK
Procedure
• After the players have taken positions in accordance with this Law,
the referee signals for the penalty kick to be taken
• The player taking the penalty kick must kick the ball forward
• He must not play the ball again until it has touched another player
• The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward
When a penalty kick is taken during the normal course of play, or time
has been extended at half-time or full time to allow a penalty kick to
be taken or retaken, a goal is awarded if, before passing between the
goalposts and under the crossbar:
• the ball touches either or both of the goalposts and/or the crossbar
and/or the goalkeeper
The referee decides when a penalty kick has been completed.
Infringements and Sanctions
If the referee gives the signal for a penalty kick to be taken and,
before the ball is in play, one of the following occurs:
the player taking the penalty kick infringes the Laws of the Game:
• the referee allows the kick to be taken
• if the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken
• if the ball does not enter the g

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