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The apocalypse is canceled: in which countries cannabis is legalized and what came of it

The apocalypse is canceled: in which countries cannabis is legalized and what came of it

By Artur Efremov
27 March
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The apocalypse is canceled: in which countries cannabis is legalized and what came of it

Over the past decade, the legalization of cannabis has gone from a gesture of desperation to a mainstream global practice. The UN decision to remove cannabis products from the list of narcotic substances in December 2021 made it clear that legalization will gain momentum in the coming years, so we just have to accept the new reality. You can check coffee shop in Barcelona at our website.

 By publishing materials about the legalization policy in different countries, the DuDa store does not aim to promote the use, distribution and production of psychoactive drugs. However, we must note that the legal status of MJ does not equal permissiveness. On the contrary, the legalization of marijuana implies a transition from the criminal prosecution of Rasta practitioners to the regulated circulation of cannabinoids and the gradual replacement of the black market by legal sales. Let's take a look at how the legalization of cannabis is going around the world: although the emergence of a new market is not without controversy, the mass drug apocalypse did not happen. Having secured their rightful niche, the stoners live well themselves and let others live well, creating new markets and new jobs - what more do you need?

Countries of partial legalization: it is possible, but carefully
 Unlimited legalization is a rather radical step, and not all states dare to recognize the right of a citizen to relax in the arms of Mary Jane without any restrictions. Much more common is partial legalization - the decriminalization of personal use of cannabis with restrictions on the production, cultivation and sale of varying degrees of severity. As of the end of 2020, more than 30 countries have adopted partial legalization - they do not seem to regret it:

USA. At the federal level, cannabis is still listed as a banned substance, but many states and territories, including Alaska, Arizona, Washington, Nevada, Colorado, California, Florida, Montana, Maine, Massachusetts, Oregon, Michigan, New Jersey, South Dakota and County Colombia, allow citizens over the age of 21 to use cannabis for medicinal and recreational purposes. The main thing is to know when to stop: you can have no more than an ounce (28.4 grams) of staff with you and grow up to six cannabis bushes. It is forbidden to use cannabis in public places and in a car, and the potion should be carried only in closed bags. Medical cannabis is legal in Arkansas, Vermont, Delaware, Illinois, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Mexico, New Hampshire and North Dakota and Hawaii; You can get it in specialized pharmacies-dispensers.
Mexico . In 2009, the criminal penalty for possession of up to 5 grams of dry mixes was abolished; The use of cannabis for medical purposes was legalized in June 2017, but preparations must contain no more than 1% THC.
Paraguay . In 2017, the use of canna oil was allowed and a system of state licensing of producers and breeders was introduced; for personal use, you can carry up to 10 grams of staff.
Brazil . Growing and possession of light drugs in small quantities have been decriminalized, but the purchase and sale of substances remain illegal.
Chile . It is allowed to grow hemp in private farms; medical cannabis and the sale of drugs based on THC and CBD were legalized in 2015.
Belize . Leisure consumption of cannabis in moderate doses - up to 10 grams legalized in 2010; after another seven years, it is allowed to smoke weed at a party with the permission of the owner.
Ecuador . It is allowed to carry up to 10 grams of inspiring substances.
Colombia is one of the first countries to decriminalize possession of cannabis and legalize growing in spite of the drug mafia. Colombians have the right to grow up to 20 plants and keep up to 22 grams of staff for personal consumption. The use of cannabinoids for medicinal purposes has been legalized since 2016. To date, 33 companies are registered in the country that cultivate medical cannabis for the purpose of processing and exporting medicines.
Argentina . Since 2017, it has been allowed to use canna oil for medicinal purposes and to grow cannabis for research purposes. For recreational consumption, it is permissible to store up to 5 grams of staff.
Venezuela . The Bolivarian Republic refused to prosecute stoners in 1993, allowing them to carry up to 20 grams of weed.
Jamaica . Medical cannabis legalized in 2015; to praise Jah, you can grow up to five bushes of Solomon grass at home and keep up to 50 grams of cones in reserve.
Bolivia . Cultivation of cannabis is prohibited, but cannabis products can be consumed in moderation.
Spain . The criminal prosecution of rastafarians was abolished in 1992, however, public smoking of weed can be fined 300 euros, puffing is supposed to be done either at home or in a specialized club. The commercial cultivation of cannabis and the sale of smoking mixtures are criminal offenses.
Portugal . In 2001, the use of any drugs was decriminalized, and stoners received carte blanche to store up to 25 grams of cones and amber. True, it is not entirely clear how to get hold of weed without becoming an accomplice in a crime - the sale of staff remains illegal.
The Netherlands is a pioneer of the legalization movement in Western Europe. Since 1972, possession of staff for personal use in quantities up to 30 grams has been allowed. You can buy weed without breaking the law in special establishments - coffeeshops, where they let you go on the "heel" in one hand. Dietary cannabis – cannacakes, chocolates, lollipops, teas and beer with cannabinoids are sold freely in grocery stores. The attitude towards the public consumption of Jah's gifts in different cities is different: on the streets of Amsterdam, no one is outraged by the smoke with a characteristic smell, but in The Hague you can pay a fine for a joint openly smoked in public. The strictest in Maastricht, where smoking weed is only allowed in coffee shops and only to local residents.
Belgium . In general, the state is loyal to the stoners, but does not give a descent to the pushers who work in schools and other children's institutions. Each Belgian over 18 years of age has the right to store up to three grams of the potion, but it should be used very carefully outside the home: an attempt to carry stuff into public places is punishable by a fine of up to 800 thousand euros or imprisonment for a year. Since 2003, it has been allowed to grow cannabis for personal use - one bush per adult family member.
UK . Cannabis is a regulated substance, but in 2002 authorities approved the use of Sativex (Nabiximols) and Epidiolex in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. From the strictly regulated category “B”, both drugs migrated to the more liberal category “C”, being on the same shelf with steroids. Possession of recreational smoking blends in small quantities is not punishable by law.
Germany . Smoking weed away from public places and keeping small stocks of stuff are not punishable by law, but the amount of cannabis allowed varies from region to region. In Berlin, you can save up to 15 grams of staff, but in other cities the norms for personal consumption are three or even five times less. In 2017, the Bundestag legalized the use of cannabis for medical purposes, with the cost of purchasing prescription drugs partly covered by insurance. To grow medical cannabis varieties, a farm must obtain a state license.
Czech Republic . In 2010, storage of up to 15 grams of weed was legalized; Since 2013, medical cannabinoid preparations have been dispensed in pharmacies by prescription. There are several clinics in Prague specializing in canna therapy.
Malta . In 2015, the possession of modest stocks of staff for personal use was decriminalized.
Luxembourg . Possession of small stocks of stuff and rasta practices at leisure is not considered a crime, but there are heavy fines and even prison time for using in the workplace or selling MJ to minors.
Cambodia . It is allowed to cultivate cannabis for medical and gastronomic purposes without the right to sell.
Australia . Medical cannabis is legal in all regions; Recreational consumption of MJ and growing in general are not encouraged, but it is also unlikely to go to jail. In the Australian Capital Territory, possession of stuff up to 25 grams can be fined, and in Western Australia, when opening a cache with a supply of ganjubas up to 10 grams, stoners are sent for a consultation with a psychologist. In Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales, possession of weed is a criminal offense, but most of the perpetrators are sent not to prison, but to treatment.
Croatia . It is allowed to use medicinal preparations based on cannabis, ordinary weed - only in small quantities. Cannabis cultivation is also allowed with prior permission.
Nepal . In fact, ganjubas is banned in the kingdom, but during the Hindu festival of Maha Shivaratri (The Night of the Great Shiva), local authorities make an exception: do not deprive the formidable god of his favorite delicacy!
Norway . Legalized medical use of cannabis, for personal consumption, you can carry up to 5 grams of weed.
Slovenia . Rasta practitioners are removed from the zone of criminal responsibility; bills are being considered to control the medicinal use of cannabis and the limited cultivation of cannabis for personal use.
Greece . Medical cannabis in law since 2017; a year later, local authorities allowed the cultivation of hemp and the production of canna preparations.
Cyprus is one of the most liberal European countries, having raised quotas for personal consumption of cannabis to 30 grams and allowing the cultivation of up to three cannabis bushes.
India . Weed smoking is only decriminalized in the state of Gujarat. When conducting religious ceremonies in temples, it is allowed to use bhang - a drink made from milk, ginger and the juice of pollinated cannabis inflorescences. However, the efforts of activist groups and Maneki Gandhi personally were not in vain - in the coming years, it is quite likely that legalization will be introduced throughout the country.
 In Uruguay and Canada, recreational cannabis is completely legal: the legislation allows not only the use, but also the production, purchase and sale of weed with the transfer of taxes to the budget. In Uruguay, it is legal to grow up to six cannabis bushes in a private household and up to 99 plants in hobby clubs. The cost of participating in such a "gardening cooperative" is from 20 to 180 US dollars per month. In licensed pharmacies, one person sells up to 40 grams of stuff, but buyers are required to register in the police database. The retail price of a strategic product cannot exceed one dollar per gram.

 In Canada, you can buy up to 30 grams of laughing substances, and you can restock at any store with a license to sell alcohol and cigarettes. A number of provinces have eliminated penalties for smoking weed in public places: for example, in Ontario, you can score a joint in any place where smoking is allowed.

Medical cannabis: a green doctor in law.
 The medicinal properties of Indian hemp have not yet been sufficiently studied, but the world clinical practice has already accumulated positive experience in the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes. Medical cannabis is prescribed as an adjuvant for a number of chronic diseases and conditions:

  • elimination of nausea and vomiting in cancer patients during chemotherapy and in patients with HIV receiving antiretroviral drugs;
  • reducing anxiety, preventing depression and facilitating the integration of traumatic memories in individuals suffering from PTSD;
  • relief of chronic pain in cancer, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, migraine, Crohn's disease;
  • removal of convulsions and the frequency of seizures in epilepsy, including malignant forms that are resistant to drug treatment;
  • prevention of dementia in neurodegenerative diseases - Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's syndrome;
  • improvement of respiratory function in bronchial asthma;
  • restoration of appetite in eating disorders, etc.

 The use of cannabis for medical purposes has a number of advantages:

  • simplicity and ease of use;
  • soft and smooth effect on the body;
  • complex healing effect due to the synergy of active ingredients and terpenes - substances with antioxidant properties;
  • minimum side effects, good tolerance by elderly and debilitated patients;
  • low probability of developing dependence with the correct selection of dosage and regimen.

 To date, the merits of canna therapy have been appreciated by 13 countries around the world that have legalized the use of cannabis for medical purposes.

Panama . Natural and synthetic cannabis preparations are available by prescription.
Peru . Cannabinoid-based medicines have been legalized since 2017; for personal use at leisure, a quota has been introduced - up to 7 grams of staff.
Israel . The use of cannabis for medical and scientific purposes has been legal since 1994. During this time, the Promised Land managed to become one of the leading centers for the study of the medicinal properties of TCG and CBD, organize the production of synthetic cannabinoids for medical purposes and arrange the supply of medicines to other countries. Since 2018, Israel has decriminalized smoking weed in public places and regulated the production of recreational cannabis. In the spring of 2020, Israeli breeders announced their intention to export vegetable raw materials abroad.
Denmark . Since 2011, the Danish Medical Agency has approved the use of three varieties of medical cannabis to relieve the pain of cancer and multiple sclerosis. The use of other varieties for chronic pain syndrome, spinal injuries, cancer and sclerosis has been allowed since 2018 as an experiment.
Austria . The use of cannabis for medical and scientific purposes was legalized in 1998. The state has a monopoly on the cultivation of cannabis for the needs of medicine and science. Possession of small portions of stuff is not considered a criminal offense, but can lead to a fine or administrative arrest for up to 6 months.
Finland . The medical use of cannabinoids is limited.
Italy . Medical cannabis legalized in 2006; possession of small doses of weed is punishable by a fine.
Zambia is the first African country to legalize the production of medicine for scientific purposes. In 2019, the production of medicines for export was legalized. The government has Napoleonic plans: Uganda expects to earn at least $ 36 billion from the supply of medical cannabis, capturing about half of the global market for legal cannabinoids.
Macedonia . The use of canna preparations for medical purposes has been allowed since 2016. In the tourist northern regions, it is also planned to legalize recreational varieties.
Switzerland . Obtaining medicines based on cannabinoids is a legal right of a citizen; smoking for recreational purposes is decriminalized.
Zimbabwe . In 2018, the ban on the cultivation of medical cannabis was lifted, however, in order to obtain a license, the farmer must provide evidence that the crop will be used as a pharmacological raw material.
 In order to alleviate the suffering of seriously ill fellow citizens, even very conservative countries began to reconsider their attitude towards cannabis. Let's see how the use of cannabinoids for therapeutic purposes is regulated in three different states with a traditionalist course.

Turkey . The Turkish government is extremely nervous about smoking weed for pleasure - you can get a sentence not only for possession of stuff, but also for appearing in public in a T-shirt with a cannabis leaf at the wrong time in the wrong place. However, the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes is still allowed if other drugs do not work.
Poland . In 2017, the Seimas allowed the sale of medicines with cannabinoids by prescription through the pharmacy network, but forgot to legalize the cultivation of cannabis in the country, leaving the raw material market at the mercy of a German supplier. International organizations insisted on this, concerned about the growing popularity of soft and hard drugs among young Poles. Despite the introduction of criminal liability for drug use, Poland ranks first in Europe not only for weed, but also for amphetamines.
Russia . Possession of up to 6 grams of weed without the purpose of sale has been decriminalized - if you get caught, you will get off with a fine. While cannabis is still on the banned list, research has been underway since 2019 on safe and legitimate uses of cannabinoids for medicinal purposes.
 At the end of 2020, a bill was also passed to legalize medical cannabis in Thailand. If His Majesty approves the new law, the first legalization oasis will soon appear in Southeast Asia!

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