Highworth Town Football Club was formed in 1893. The club joined the Cirencester & District League and it took some time to record the first honours, until 1909-10 in fact, when the club won both the Swindon Junior Cup and the local Advertiser Cup, a cup they were to capture again in 1912-13.

After winning the Cirencester & District League Division Two Championship in 1931-32, Highworth Town FC moved to the Swindon & District League, where they completed the Third Division Championship and Swindon Junior Cup double in 1933-34.

The 1950s saw the club make a dramatic rise through the local football ranks. Winning the Swindon & District League Third Division title again in 1954-55 and then the Division Two title the following season. One more season was needed to clinch the Division One title and also the Wilts Junior Cup. The club then went on to win the Premier Division title in 1957-58 and 1958-59 along with the Faringdon Thursday Memorial Cup and the following season, the Advertiser Cup.

The club continued to dominate the Swindon & District Premier Division in the 1960s, winning four successive titles from 1960-61 and another hat-trick from 1965-66 to 1967-68, making seven titles in eight seasons. The club reached the final of the Wilts Senior Cup for the first time in 1962-63 and won it the following season.

There was then a switch to the Wilts Combination League, where the club finished as runners-up in Division Two in 1970-71. 1972-73 saw another Wilts Senior Cup victory and all this success prompted the club to join the Hellenic League. Success finally arrived in 1988-89 when the cluv won the First Division Challenge Cup and reached the final of the Wilts Senior Cup yet again.

The club finally achieved Premier Division status in 1993-94 gaining promotion after finishing third in Division One. Since then the club has been winners of the Wilts Senior Cup in 1995-96, 1997-98, 2008-09, 2014-15 and runners-up in 2016-17; winners of the Hellenic League Challenge Cup in 2011-12 and runners-up in 2016-17; winners of the Hellenic League Supplementary Cup in 1998-99 and runners-up in 2003-04; runners-up in the Premier Division in 1999-2000 and winners of the Premiership Title in 2004-05.

However, their greatest achievement to date was in reaching the Semi-Final of the FA Vase in 2015, where they were knocked out by eventual winners, North Shields in a closely fought two-legged tie.